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初中英语学习班

时间:2021-01-15 12:23:24

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使我们的教育咨询师给你量身定做学习规划中学英语学习班要培养说的能力

中学英语学习班要把说的能力也逐渐的提升,可是在前面听和写的基本不扎扎实实的状况下,说的能力难以被提高,因而,听、写的累积很必须,仅有好的英语听写基本,才可以讲出更正宗、更熟练的英语来。自然除开上学习班外,平常说的训炼也不可以少,最好是能在不一样的自然环境中来说,去把握住一切的机遇来表述,将英语思维系统软件创建起來,那样才可以更合理的把说的水准提升,相信你假如从之上的层面开展全方位的勤奋,你的初一英语水准一定会有一定的提高。

中学英语学习班要培养听力

大家一般挑选去上中学英语学习班,毫无疑问是由于期待把英文学精,学习班能培养大家听的能力,培训讲师们在比较有限的课时内,一般选用提出问题和关键解读語言难题等方式,这就规定大家课堂务必用心去听。而许多 的培训讲师是用英文开展讲课的,这就更强的培养了大家的听力。likeabc的Trailblazers青少年儿童英语口语课程在注重提升听力和运用听力的教学环节中,多方位提升了孩子的英语能力,进而更强的加强了表述能力,协助小孩创建张口的信心。

中学英语学习班要培养写的能力

中学英语学习班在重视听的另外,还要基本学习培训写的能力,由于写是英语的一种应用,仅有把学得的知识要点和英语的语法点持续的应用,把教过的英语单词不断的记忆力,才可以更强的推进所教的专业知识,才可以为进一步提高外语水平奠定不错的基本。自然,想写好英文,也要多看看一些阅读书,由于见多才可以识广,假如看的多了,累积了英语词汇量和语句,到用的情况下当然也不愁了,这就和大家平常写汉语文章内容一样,仅有写的逻辑思维打开了,才可以推动英语口语表述,信心才可以提升。

Unit 1 How often do you exercise?
目标语言:talk about how often you do things
重点句型:What does she do on weekends? She often goes to the movies.
What do you usually do on weekends? I usually play soccer.
How often does Cheng watch TV? He watches TV twice a week.
How many hours do you sleep every day? I sleep for nine hours .
Do you think she has a healthy lifestyle ? Yes,I do.
Is her lifestyle the same as yours? Yes, it is.
Who is the healthiest? Tom is the healthiest.
重点词组:watch TV, read newspaper, go to the movies, surf the Internet, read English books, once or twice a week, every day, three or four times a week, the result of, be interested in, translate…into…,be good for, try to, the same as, help sb. to do,keep in good health.
知识点:
1.一般现在时,第三人称单数作主语时,动词的变化规则。
1) 一般在动词后加-s词尾。如,come-comes live-lives
2) 在以ch, sh ,s, x, 或o结尾的词后要加-es, 如,
teach-teaches catch-catches wish-wishes wash-washes
miss-misses guess-guesses mix-mixes fix-fixes
go-goes do-does
3) 以“辅音+y”结尾的词,先变y为I 再加es,如,
Try-tries study-studies reply-replies fly-flies
1. 主语为第三人称单数时一般现在时的结构
肯定式:主语+ 谓语动词的第三人称单数+其他。
He likes bananas a lot. 他非常喜欢吃香蕉。
否定式:主语+助动词(doesn’t)+动词原形+其他。
She doesn’t like milk.她不喜欢喝牛奶。
疑问式:助动词(Does)+主语+动词原形+其他
肯定回答:Yes, 主语+does.
否定回答:No, 主语+doesn’t.
-Does Kate like meat? 凯特喜欢吃肉吗?
-Yes, she does. 是的,她喜欢。
-No, she doesn’t. 不,她不喜欢。
2.频度副词的用法
1)频度副词是表示动作频率的词汇,常用的有always100%,usually80%,often50%,somtimes30%,hardly ever2%never0%
2)频度副词的位置
a) 放在连系动词,助动词或情态动词后面
b) 放在行为动词前
c) 有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调
Sometimes I walk home,sometimes I go home by bus.
【注意】never放在句首时,主语,谓语动词要倒状。
Never have I learnt this word.我从没学过这个词。
3.词语辨析:
1)
a) good, fine, well, nice
good是通用词,可以表示各种品质方面的优异,从美学到道德规范几乎都可以使用。
It is an old film, but it’s very good.
b) fine表示“上好的,精细的”,也可以表示“美好的”,天气“晴朗的”。
She always wears fine clothes.她总穿好衣服。
It is fine sand.这是细砂。
It is a fine day today. 今天天气晴朗。
c) well表示身体“无病的,健康的“
d) nice表示使人感到“愉快的,好的“
2)every day, everyday
every day作状语;everyday作定语
3)some time, some times, sometime, sometimes,
a)some time表示“一些时间”,此处time为不可数名词“时间”,如
Don’t worry. We have sometime.别着急,我们还有些时间。
b)some times表示“一些次数&47;倍数”,此处time为可数名词“次数&47;倍数”。
I have been to Hong Kong some times.我去过香港好几次了。
c)sometime表示“在某个时候”,且多指将来
We are going to HongKong sometime next summer.明年夏天的某个时候,我们将要去香港。
d)sometimes表示“有时,不时”,意思与at times相近,且多指现在的情况。
My family sometimes goes to Hong Kong for vacations.我们家有时去香港度假。
4)all, most, some ,no
这四个词都是用来表示大概的数量,但是他们所表示的程度不同:all所有的,most大部分的,some一些,no 没有。如,all boys所有男孩,most boys大部分男孩,some boys一些男孩,no boys 没有男孩。
5)health, healthy
Health意思是“健康”,为名词;而healthy是在health的词尾加上加上y,变成形容词,意思是“健康的”。它们的用法也不大相同:health一般只作主语或宾语;而healthy多作定语或表语。
类似的词汇还有很多,要注意区分:sleep-sleepy, luck-lucky,mood-moody
6)kind, kind of, a kind of
Kind有两种基本意思:1。作名词,意思是“种类,类型”;2。作形容词,用来形容热,意思为“仁慈的,友善的,善良的”.
◆ unit2 What’s the matter?
目标语言:Talk about your health and give advice
重点句型:What’s the matter?=What’s the trouble?= What’s wrong with you?
I have a sore throat. You should drink some hot tea with honey.
I have a stomacke. You should lie down and rest.
I have a toothache. You should see a dentist.
I have a fever. You should drink lots of water.
That’s a good idea.
I am not feeling well.
When did it start? About three days ago.
That’s too bad.
I think so.
I hope you feel better soon.
Do you have a headache? Yes, I do.
I am tired. You should go to bed early.
I am stressed out. You should listen to music.
I am thirsty. You should have a drink.
I am hungry. You should eat an apple.
重点词组:lie down, hot tea with honey, lots of water,advise sb to do.
go to bed, listen to music, healthy lifestyle, believe in, for example, too much, be good for, a balanced diet, get tired, stay healthy, stressed out, hope todo, wish sb to do, at the moment, improve on&47;upon, host family,on the other hand
知识点:
1. I am sorry to hear that….获悉...我很抱歉(遗憾)
I am sorry to hear that your mother is ill.
2. enjoy用法
enjoy sth.喜爱,欣赏某物I enjoy my job.我喜爱我的工作.
enjoy doing喜欢做某事.I enjoy swimming in summer.在夏天,我喜欢游泳.
enjoy oneself=have a good time玩得开心 We enjoyed ourselves at the party yesterday.我们在昨天的聚会上玩得很开心.
3.hope的用法
hope to do希望做某事I hope to work with you. 我希望能同你一起工作.
hope+clause . I hope (that) he will be better soon.我希望他快些好起来.
【注意】如果想表示希望某人做某事要用wish sb to do如,I wish him to come.我希望他来.
4. Until的用法:
Until 和 till的意义相同,都有“直到”,“直到...才”,”在...以前不”的意思.它们的使用方法为:
1) 作介词: 作介词,后面通常接表时间的名词或短语.如We are back until&47;till3o’clock.三点种我们才回来.
2) 作连词: 作连词时,until和till引导时间状语从句.如 Go along this road until you see the park沿着这条路走,直到你看到公园为止。
【注意】1)以上的状语从句的例句都是从句在主句之后,如果把从句放在主句之前,那么,引导词用till.如Till you come back, I won’t leavehere.直到你回来我才回离开这。
2)主句的动作是终止性的,要用not…until/till句型。
5.can 的用法
Can意思为”能,会”,是情态动词,其后接动词原形,否定形式为can not,缩写为can’t.过去式为could,could有时用于一般现在时态,语气比can 委婉.
1) 表示能力.I can sing我会唱歌。
2) 表示惊讶,不相信等态度,主要用于否定句或疑问句中。
Can it be hers?这能是她的吗?
You can’t be serious.你不会当真吧。
3)表示允许,意思与may相近,主要用于口语中。
Can I smoke here?我能在这儿抽烟吗?
6.too much, much too, too many
too much 表示“太多”,用来修饰不可数名词;much too表示“太”,修饰形容词或副词;too many表示“太多”,用来修饰可数名词的复数。
7.ago,before
Ago与before都表示“....以前”,但用法有区别:
Ago表示从此刻算起的若干时间之前,常用于过去时的句子中.如
He bought the computer two days ago.两天前他买了一台电脑.
Before作为副词时表示1)从过去某个时刻算起的若干时间以前,用于过去完成时的句子中;笼统的”以前”,用于一般过去时或现在完成时的句子中.如
He had already taken away the computer long before.他早就拿定了电脑.
I have read that novel before.我以前读过这部小说.
8. maybe, may be
maybe adv 或许,大概。其同义词为perhaps.
may be是情态动词+be动词的形式,作谓语,意思为“可能”。
【注意】由于may是情态动词,因此无人称和数的变化,也没有将来时态,即:将来时用现在时来表示。而maybe是副词,不能决定句子的时态,因此要根据具体情况,使用相应的时态。
9keep的用法
keep+形容词. Please keep quiet!
keep+副词 Danger! Keep out!危险!不要靠近!
keep+介词 Keep off the grass!勿践踏草坪!
【相关短语】keep at坚持下去 keep in with保持友好关系
keep in mind 记住 keep on继续 keep up持续不停 keep up with赶上
10.如果其后是明确的疾病名称就要用have,如果其后是表达身体状况的形容词,则用be。如 I have a sore throat. I am tired.
11.a few有一点,表示肯定;后面接可数名词;few几乎没有,极少,表示否定,后面接可署名词;a little有一点,表示肯定,后面接不可数名词;little几乎没有,极少,表示否定,后面接不可数名词。
◆unit3 What are you doing for vacation?
目标语言:talk about future plane
重点句型:What are you doing for vacation? I’m visiting my grandmother.
What is she doing for vacation? She’s going camping.
Who are you going with? I’m going with my parents.
When is he going? He’s going on the 12th.
How long are you staying? I’m staying for four days.
Where are you going for vacation? I am going to Italy.
How is the weather? It is fine.
Can I ask you some questions about your vacation plans? Sure.
重点词组:spend time with friends, go to the beach, go to sports camp,visit cousins, go bike riding, go sightseeing, talk walks, go fishing, rent videos, be famous for&47;as, think about, decide on, do something different, plan to do, go fishing, hope to do, forget to do&47;doing, wait to do, finish doing, ask sb. about sth.
知识点:
1. 现在进行时何时表示非进行意义
“be+现在分词”构成进行时态,表示动作正在发生或进行。但也有特殊情况
1) 表示转移的动词leave,go, come, start等进行时态表将来的时候,时常伴有意图,安排或打算的含义。这种现在进行时比较生动,给人一种期待感,它常常表示最近或较近的将来。He is leaving fro London tomorrow.他明天就要去伦敦。
2) 表示将来的现在进行时除用转移动词外,也可以用某些非转移动词。如,
When I grow up, I am joining the army.我长大要参军。
3) 频度副词always, forever,continually等和进行时连用,带有一定的感情色彩, 泛指一切时间内所做的事情,或者表示客观事实。这种用法比较口语化,也比较生动。
The earth is always turning.地球转个不停。
2. Leave的用法
1) “leave+地点”表示“离开某地”如,When did you leave Changchun?
2) “leave for+地点”表示“离开去某地” 如She is leaving for London.
3) “leave+地点+for +地点”表示“离开某地去某地”
Why are you leaving Changchun for Wuhan?
3.finish doing做完某事
4.Hear的用法 hear-heard-heard
1)hear+that引导的从句。That可省略不用。如
I hear there’s an interesting film tonight.
2)hear sb do sth听见某人做某事。如
I hear her sing every day.
3)hear sb doing听见某人正在做某事。如
I hear him singing in the next room.
5.all, both
all“全部,都”,指三者或三者以上事物;both“都”,指两者。
6.about, on关于
About指的内容较为普通,不那么正式,含有随便谈论的意味。如
I know nothing about the matter.我对这事一无所知。
On指的内容较为严肃或学术性的,可供专门研究这一问题的人阅读或参考。
He has written lots of books on the history of Japan.他写了许多关于日本史的书。
7.this summer指“今年夏天”,象这样有this, that ,these, those,next等修饰的词作时间状语时前面不需要加介词。
8.Famous的用法
Be famous for 因。。而闻名; be famous as作为。。。而闻名
9.Problem, question“问题”
Question是对某事怀疑因而提出的需要考虑,讨论,等待回答的问题;problem是客观存在的,等待解决的问题。
Question常与动词ask ,answer连用;problem常与动词solve连用。
10.Forget的用法forget-forgot-forgotten
forget to do sth忘记去做某事。表示动作尚未发生;forget doing sth忘记做过某事。表示动作已经发生。Remember用法与forget相同。
11.Decide的用法
decide to do sth决定做某事;decide on doing sth&47;sth决定,取决;make a decision做决定
12.Think about, think out, think over, think of
think about考虑,回想 He thought about going to Greece or Spain.他考虑去希腊还是西班牙。
think out想出 We thought out a perfect way at last.我们最后想出了绝妙的方法。
think over仔细考虑,认真考虑 Please think it over, I am sure you can get the answer.
think of 考虑,设想,想起等,常用于否定句,与could,should,would连用,表示“有。。。想法(念头)”。You shouldn’t think of that.你不该那么想。
13.Visitor ,guest
Visitor指访问者,探访者,来客等。Guest指客人,来客。如果你是一个visitor,说明你想去访问某人或参观某地;如果你是一个guest,就是指你是受某人邀请的客人或者是应邀到其家中作客,或者应邀去吃饭,或者应邀去听音乐会,看戏等,guest也指旅馆的旅客。
14.Go+doing通常表示去做某些活动。如,go camping去野营, go fishing去钓鱼
15.Sound, noise
Sound系常用词,泛指“任何声音,不论高低,大小,是否悦耳或有无意义”。如 the sound of footsteps脚步声;noise 指“任何混杂,嘈杂,刺耳或起干扰作用,令人厌烦的声音”。
16.Rent的用法
Rent即为可数名词rent out 出租,租出;rent at以。。。出租
17.Comlete,finish
Finish表示过去某个时候着手做的事已经做完,或者表示对已经做完的事情进行精密加工;complet侧重表示做完或完成某工作,特别是一项任务,或者把某工作圆满结束。
) leave的用法
1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:
When did you leave Shanghai?
你什么时候离开上海的?
2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:
Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.
下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:
Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?
你为什么要离开上海去北京?
2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用
should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:
How should I know? 我怎么知道?
Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?
should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:
We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。
我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如:
You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:
You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。
She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
3) What...? 与 Which...?
1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如:
What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?
该句相当于:
What does your father do?
What is your father&39;s job?
Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?
---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如:
What color do you like best? (所有颜色)
你最喜爱什么颜色?
Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)
你最喜爱哪一种颜色?
3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:
Which pictures are from China?
哪些图片来自中国?
4) 频度副词的位置
1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:
always(总是,一直)
usually(通常)
often(常常,经常)
sometimes(有时候)
never(从不)
2.频度副词的位置:
a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:
David is often arrives late for school.
大卫上学经常迟到。
b.放在行为动词前。如:
We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天经常在7:10去上学。
c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:
Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike.
有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:
Never have I been there.
5) every day 与 everyday
1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天7:10去上学。
I decide to read English every day.
我决定每天读英语。
2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。
She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.
她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。
What&39;s your everyday activity?
你的日常活动是什么?
6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。
助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:
He doesn&39;t like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn&39;t是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don&39;t like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
7) forget doing&47;to do与remember doing&47;to do
1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don&39;t forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off
C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)
remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school.
记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don&39;t you remember seeing the man before?
你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
8) It&39;s for sb.和 It&39;s of sb.
1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:
It&39;s very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It&39;s very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)
9) 对两个句子的提问
新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:
句子:The boy in blue has three pens.
提问:1.Who has three pens?
2.Which boy has three pens?
3.What does the boy in blue have?
4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?
很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:
句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.
提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?
6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
10) so、such与不定冠词的使用
1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a&47;an+名词”。如:
He is so funny a boy.
Jim has so big a house.
2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a&47;an+形容词+名词”。如:
It is such a nice day.
That was such an interesting story.
11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况
1.在进行时态中。如:
He is watching TV in the room.
They were dancing at nine o&39;clock last night.
2.在there be结构中。如:
There is a boy swimming in the river.
3.在have fun&47;problems结构中。如:
We have fun learning English this term.
They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
4.在介词后面。如:
Thanks for helping me.
Are you good at playing basketball.
5.在以下结构中:
enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事
finish doing sth 完成做某事
feel like doing sth 想要做某事
stop doing sth 停止做某事
forget doing sth 忘记做过某事
go on doing sth 继续做某事
remember doing sth 记得做过某事
like doing sth 喜欢做某事
keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事
find sb doing sth 发现某人做某事
see&47;hear&47;watch sb doing sth 看到&47;听到&47;观看某人做某事
try doing sth 试图做某事
need doing sth 需要做某事
prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事
mind doing sth 介意做某事
practice doing sth 练习做某事
be busy doing sth 忙于做某事
can&39;t help doing sth 禁不住做某事
miss doing sth 错过做某事
12) 英语中的“单数”
1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:
he, she, it
my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary&39;s uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:
man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)
3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:
go---goes---going---went---gone
work---works---working---worked---worked
watch---watches---watching---watched---watched
当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:
The boy wants to be a sales assistant.
Our English teacher is from the US.
Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
12) 英语中的“单数”
1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:
he, she, it
my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary&39;s uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:
man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)
3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:
go---goes---going---went---gone
work---works---working---worked---worked
watch---watches---watching---watched---watched
当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:
The boy wants to be a sales assistant.
Our English teacher is from the US.
Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式
名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。
I 名词复数的规则变化
1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如:
pear---pears hamburger---hamburgers
desk---desks tree---trees
2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如:
class---classes dish---dishes
watch---watches box---boxes
3.以字母-o结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如:
potato---potatoes tomato---tomatoes
Negro---Negroes hero---heroes
4.以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,将-y变为-i,再加-es。如:
family---families dictionary---dictionaries
city---cities country---countries
5.以字母-f或-fe结尾的名词,将-f或-fe变为-v,再加-es。如:
half---halves leaf---leaves
thief---thieves knife---knives
self---selves wife---wives
life---lives wolf---wolves
shelf---shelves loaf---loaves
但是:
scarf---scarves(fes) roof---roofs
serf---serfs gulf---gulfs
chief---chiefs proof---proofs
belief---beliefs
II 名词复数的不规则变化
1.将-oo改为--ee。如:
foot---feet tooth---teeth
2.将-man改为-men。如:
man---men woman---women
policeman---policemen postman---postmen
3.添加词尾。如:
child---children
4.单复数同形。如:
sheep---sheep deer---deer
fish---fish people---people
5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s加后面”。如:
Chinese---Chinese Japanese---Japanese
Swiss---Swiss
Englishman---Englishmen Frenchman---Frenchmen
American---Americans Australian---Australians
Canadian---Canadians Korean---Koreans
Russian---Russians Indian---Indians
6.其它。如:
mouse---mice
apple tree---apple trees
man teacher---men teachers
14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing分词
初中阶段常见的有以下这些:
1.let→letting 让
hit→hitting 打、撞
cut→cutting 切、割
get→getting 取、得到
sit→sitting 坐
forget→forgetting 忘记
put→putting 放
set→setting 设置
babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿
2.shop→shopping 购物
trip→tripping 绊
stop→stopping 停止
drop→dropping 放弃
3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游
swim→swimming 游泳
run→running 跑步
dig→digging 挖、掘
begin→beginning 开始
prefer→preferring 宁愿
plan→planning 计划
15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词
1.some变为any。如:
There are some birds in the tree.
→There aren&39;t any birds in the tree.
但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:
Would you like some orange juice?
与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。
2.and变为or。如:
I have a knife and a ruler.
→I don&39;t have a knife or a ruler.
3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:
They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)
→They don&39;t have many friends.
There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)
→There isn&39;t much orange in the bottle.
4.already变为yet。如:
I have been there already.
→I haven&39;t been there yet.
16) in与after
in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。
1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:
He will leave for Beijing in a week.
一周后他会动身去北京。
2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:
He left for Beijing after a week.
一周后他动身去了北京。
不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:
We will finish the work after ten o&39;clock.
十点后我们会完成工作的。
3.注意区分以下的in的用法。
I&39;ll visit him in a week.
一周后我会去拜访他。
I&39;ll visit him twice in a week.
一周内我会去拜访他两次。
17) 不定冠词a与an的使用
1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:
There is a "b" in the word "book".
单词book中有个字母b。
类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。
She has a small knife.
她有一把小刀。
2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:
There is an "i" in the word "onion".
单词onion中有个字母i。
类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。
Do you have an umbrella?
你有一把雨伞吗?
3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:
a useful book
a universe
a one-letter word
an hour
an uncle
an umbrella
an honest person
18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?
英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:
1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:
He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。
You&39;d better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。
2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:
The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。
3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:
Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。
dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:
The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。
4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:
John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。
The man in black is a football coach.
19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)
a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?
1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:
There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。
还可以接形容词。如:
He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。
2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:
There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。
3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:
It&39;s a bit cold. 有点冷。
a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:
He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。
4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:
There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。
There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。
I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。
Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。
5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;
a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。
20) 关于like的用法
like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。
1、like 作动词,表示一般性的“爱好、喜欢”,有泛指的含义。如:
Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?
like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:
She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)
She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)
like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:
Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?
“喜欢某人做某事”可以用结构“like sb to do sth&47;doing sth”。如:
They all like me to sing&47;singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。
2、like 作介词,可译成“像......”。如:
She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。
It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。
3、区分以下句子:
A. What does he look like?
B. What is he like?
A句译为“他长相如何?”指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为“他人怎么样?”指人的性格特点。
C. The boy like Peter is over there.
D. A boy like Peter can&39;t do it.
A句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。
21) stop to do sth 与 stop doing sth
1. stop to do sth 意为“停下来去做某事”。如:
The students stop to listen to their teacher.
学生们停下来去听他们老师讲话。
2. stop doing sth 意为“停止做某事”。如:
The students stopped talking. 学生们停止了谈话。
与它们相反的句式是:go on to do sth “继续做某事(与刚才一事不同)”和 go on doing sth “继续做某事(与刚才同一件事)”。如:
He finishes his homework and goes on to study English.
他完成了作业,接着继续去念英语。
They went on playing games. 他们继续玩游戏。
参考资料:http:\/\/www.shulihua.net\/czyyu\/ShowSearch.asp?Field=Title&Keyword=<\/a>八年级上&ClassID=0&SpecialID=0
回答者:状元郎2008 - 门童 1级 - 提交时间:2008-10-8 5:43:00
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楼层: 4
不定冠词a与an的使用
1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:
There is a "b" in the word "book".
单词book中有个字母b。
类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。
She has a small knife.
她有一把小刀。
2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:
There is an "i" in the word "onion".
单词onion中有个字母i。
类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。
Do you have an umbrella?
你有一把雨伞吗?
3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:
a useful book
a universe
a one-letter word
an hour
an uncle
an umbrella
an honest person
18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?
英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:
1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:
He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。
You&39;d better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。
2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:
The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。
3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:
Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。
dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:
The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。
4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:
John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。
The man in black is a football coach.
19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)
a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?
1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:
There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。
还可以接形容词。如:
He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。
2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:
There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。
3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:
It&39;s a bit cold. 有点冷。
a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:
He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。
4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:
There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。
There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。
I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。
Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。
5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;
a little = a bit
连词成句:
Monica has at least twenty story-books.
How do you often go to the dentist?
She enjoys reading English magazines.
Did you go to the shopping center last weekend?
You can&39;t spend a lot of time using Internet.
阅读:
Yes,he does
Hardly ever
Four times
An hour
He usually stays up late

Monica has at least twenty story books.
How do you often go to the dentist?
She enjoys reading English magazines.
Did you go to the shopping center last weekend?
You can&39;t spend a lot of time w…(看不清)the Internet。
阅读是真的不清楚啊。
第一大题:1.silk
2.wife
3.shining
4.lie
第二大题:1.husband
2.whole
3.gold
4.stupid
第三大题:1.stepmother
2.wakes
up
3.woods
4.followed
5.special
6.turned
into

初二英语相关知识

【引语】大家都了解,音乐老师做为在英语学习上边的有经验人,并且還是言传身教的存有,怎么可能在学习上边坑学生呢?她们一直在教育 我们要重视记忆英语单词。你是不是把音乐老师说的话真的?是否当做耳旁风忽视过去?英文单词是英语学习的基本,也是大伙儿更为倚仗的物品,没有英语单词,大家在英语的许多层面全是举步维艰。英文单词将陪着你的整个英语学习职业生涯,由此可见英文单词在你英语学习中的必要性吧?以下几点是li
【导语】初中英语有很多的知识点,但是这些知识点都不是很难以理解,可以说,初中英语并不是一个较难的科目,对于同学们来说,学习起来并不费劲,同学们只要能够认真听讲,做好笔记,认真努力的学习,制定合理的学习计划。而且英语作为一种语言,需要同学们的大量阅读,所以同学们一定要能够把握说英语,读英语的每个机会,这样才能够在英语之中突飞猛进,获得更好的成绩。以下内容是likeabc为大家准备的相关内容。首先要教
这篇有关初二英语学习方法具体指导,是likeabc特意为大伙儿梳理的,期待对大伙儿有一定的协助!一、改善学习方法,争得保证事半功倍。一些同学们每天花费很多時间背英语单词、做训练,但成绩却并不出色。这是由于学习方法不合理。单词、英语的语法标准、习惯用语都必须背会,可是把他们放进一个情境中来记,那般就会长时间没忘记并能恰当应用。阅读短文不但要掌握內容关键点、学好逻辑推理分辨,保证多方面了解,还应根据阅
【引语】要想学会英语并并不是一朝一夕就可以取得成功的事儿,因为英文是一种語言,而語言的学习是必须同学们可以读写听说,考虑周全的,可是现阶段非常少有同学们可以具备一个特别适合学英语的自然环境,可是還是有很多的同学们在英语上边具备很高的考试成绩,这全是来源于同学们的个人价值。很多英语学习好的同学们,在中学的情况下就可以参照许多的我国性的英语考試,许多的情况下,这些英语的考試校园内是十分受高度重视的,这
【导语】小学已经初步接触了英语,到了初中主要是要掌握学习英语的办法。下面是likeabc的小编为你整理的“初中学习英语的体会大集合【三篇】”,内容仅供参考,希望对你有帮助。欢迎借鉴关注likeabc的更多内容。篇一:初中英语学习心得体会初中阶段的英语学习,一方面仍在学习新的语言知识,另一方面也已进入了查漏补缺、归类总结的复习阶段。因此,同学们应学会做个有心人,把学校学习和自我学习,语法巩固和能力突
likeabc为大伙儿梳理的初二英语阅读方法学习的方法指导的文章,供大伙儿学习培训参照!大量最新消息请点一下初二考试网阅读理解五级的总体目标一部分叙述以下:1、能依据前后文和造词法推论、理解单词的含意;2、能理解文章段落中各语句中间的逻辑顺序;3、能找到文章中的主题风格,理解小故事的剧情,预测分析情节的发展趋势和很有可能的结果;4、能了解普遍体载的阅读原材料;5、能依据不一样的阅读目地应用简易的阅

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