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还不清楚include的用法?给你支个招

时间:2021-01-15 12:11:35

学了这么多年的英文,你了解include的用法吗?include有什么派生词?include和including, included该如何判断?今日的中学口语英语我们一起来学习培训下include的用法。

一、include仅有这双层含意

1. 包括;包含(不用以完成时)

eg: This passage includes seven paragraphs.

本文包含七个文章段落。

As we planned, the meeting held this afternoon will include four parts.

好似大家方案的那般,今天上午的大会将包括四个一部分。

2. 使变成…的一部分

eg: It’s more reliable if you can include some figures in your report.

假如你能在你的汇报中添加一些数据得话,你的研讨会更靠谱。


二、include的好多个派生词

1.including 包括……以内(prep.)

eg: Three people were injured in this accident, including a young man.

三人在这里起安全事故中负伤,包括一名年青人。

2.inclusion (n.)

①(被)包括,包含

eg: To be honest, his inclusion in the team did surprise us.

说真话,他被入选团队的确使我们大吃一惊。

②被包括的人或事

eg: There are some unexpected inclusions in the list of winners.

第七届中包含一些出乎意料的人。

3.inclusive (adj.)

①包含所有花费的

eg: The fully inclusive fee for his first year in college was much more than his parents expected.

他读大学第一年的花费远比他爸爸妈妈想像的要多。

②宽容普遍的,范畴宽阔的

eg: This community is much more inclusive than it used to be.

这一小区的多元性比以往强多了。


三、including, included和include的用法分析

1.include是及物动词,在语句中作宾语,表明“包含,包括”,一般不用以开展时态。

eg: The price didn’t include transportation.

这一价钱不包含交通出行花费。

2.including为include的现在分词方式,这时作介词,后边立即接专有名词作宾语。

eg: Five students entered the final, including your sister.

五个学员进入了决赛,包括你姐姐。

3.included为include的过去分词,这时候可视作修饰词,表明“……是包括以内的”,一般放到专有名词或代词的后边,起补充说明功效。

eg: Five students entered the final, your sister included.

五个学员进入了决赛,你姐姐包括以内。


include的用法之上应当说得很清晰了,期待大伙儿能熟练掌握include, including, included这好多个词。


1.B
住在河边的人们被要求不要向河里倒脏水,因为河流已经被严重污染了。
people living along the river 住在河边的人们
ask sb to do sth 让某人干某事
ask sb not to do sth 让某人不要干某事
2.A
在我回答第一个问题之前,他又问了一个问题。
第一个空最容易填错,很多人会填写the second,这不是最佳答案。
a second question 又一个问题
数词+more+名词,表示“又一个”“再一个”
1.B be asked not to do sth. 修饰动词polluted要用 副词。 要求沿河居住的人们不要向河里倾倒污水因为河水已被严重污染了。
2.A 在我还没回答第一个问题时,他又问了一个问题。
住在这条河周围的人们被禁止向这条河内排放污水,因为它已经被严重污染了
B ask sb to do sth sb is asked to do sth bad 形容词 badly 副词
A a second question泛指有一个问题 the first question特指
第一题选B.是一个句式:be asked not to do sth.
badly 作为副词修饰polluted,表明程度。
第二题选A.
纯粹是语感。
翻译:沿着这河流居住的人们被要求不能向其排放污水,因为它被严重污染了。
第一个选B,意思是,住在河边的人被要求不要把脏水倒进河里,因为小河已经被严重污染了。
第二个选A
1. B
沿河居住的人被要求不得向河里泼脏水,因为河已被严重污染了.
be asked to do sth. 第一个空要是不定式,且为否定形式,只有B和D有可能对;
第二个空要用副词形式,修饰polluted.只能是A和B之中.综合起来只有B对.
2. A.
第二个空肯定是the first,因为表示已确定的第一个问题.
而第一个空表示又一个问题,再次提一个问题.用不定冠词.这种情况也很多,如a second job, a second look,都表示又一个...
1.B 住在河边的人民已经被吩咐不要再把肮脏的水倒入河里了因为那里的河水已经严重的被污染了。
2.C
1.He used to swim in that river, didn&39;t he?
2.Every thing is going right, isn&39;t it?
3.I hope that I can be a famous star, can&39;t I
4.We still don&39;t know who did this thing, did we?
5.I believe that he will win that football match, won&39;t he?
6.He is standing there waiting for the bus.
7.Doing exercise can make people strong.
8.Can you hear Tom singing next door?
9.From what he is wearing, he is not that poor.
10.They found that learning Chinese was difficult.
1. 他过去常到那条小河游泳,不是吗?
He used to swim in that river,didn&39;t he?
2. 一切都进展顺利,不是吗?
Everything goes well,doesn&39;t it?
3. 我希望能成为一名著名影星,可以吗?
I hope to be a famous film star,don&39;t I?
4 这件事谁做的还不知道,对吗?
It is not clear that who did this, is it?
5 我相信他会赢得那场足球赛,对吗?
I believe he will win the football match,won&39;t he?
6 他站在那儿等公共汽车。(V+ing)
He is standing there waiting for the bus.
7 做运动使人健康强壮。(V+ing)
Doing exercise makes people strong.
8 你能听到TOM在隔壁唱歌吗?(V+ing)
Can you hear Tom singing in the next room?
9 从他的衣着看,他并不太穷 V+ing
From his wearing,he is not so poor.
10 他们发现学中文很费劲
They find it difficult to learn Chinese.
1. 他过去常到那条小河游泳,不是吗?
He used to go swimming in the river,didn&39;t he?
2. 一切都进展顺利,不是吗?
Everything goes well,doesn&39;t it?
3. 我希望能成为一名著名影星,可以吗?
I hope I will be a famous movie star,won&39;t I?
4 这件事谁做的还不知道,对吗?
Who did this thing is still unknown,isn&39;t it?
5 我相信他会赢得那场足球赛,对吗?
I believe he will win the football match,won&39;t he?
6 他站在那儿等公共汽车。(V+ing)
He is standing there waiting for the bus.
7 做运动使人健康强壮。(V+ing)
Doing sports makes people strong.
8 你能听到TOM在隔壁唱歌吗?(V+ing)
Can you hear Tom singing in the next room?
9 从他的衣着看,他并不太穷 V+ing
Judged from what he is wearing,he is not so poor.
10 他们发现学中文很费劲
They find it difficult to learn Chinese.
1.He used to go to that river for swimming, usedn&39;t he?
2.Everything goes well,doesn&39;t it?
3.I hope I can be a famous movie star, can&39;t I?
4.No one knows who did it, right?
5.I believe he will be the winner in that football game, won&39;t he?
6.He stand there, waiting for the bus.
7.Doing sports can make us be healthy and strong.
8.Can you hear Tom singing next door?
9.Judging from his dressing, he isn&39;t very poor.
10.They find it very difficult to learn Chinese.

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