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初二英语

时间:2020-12-13 05:21:59
advise
advice sb (not) to do sth 建议某人(别)做某事
advise doing sth 建议某事
advice
give sb some advice 给某人一些建议
ask for adcice 征求意见
take&92;follow one’s advice 听从;接受某人的意见
agree
agree on 达成共识;就~取得一致意见
agree to 同意(后面接plan、request、suggestion、proposal等
agree with sb&92;sb’s idea&92;what sb say 赞成某人的意见
agree to do sth 同意做某事
all
first of all 首先
at all 根本;到底
not ~ at all 根本不~
all along 自始自终
in all 总共
above all 首先;最重要的是
after all 毕竟;别忘了
for all 尽管
all at once 突然
once and for all 最后一次
all by oneself 独自
all over 到处;结束
all but 几乎;差不多
all out 鼓足干劲
all over again 从头再来;再来一次
all over the world&92;the country 遍及全世界&92;全国
all right 不错;身体好;好的
all kinds of 各种各样的
all the same 仍然
all the time = all the way 一直
all day&92;night 整天&92;夜
all around 四处;到处;在~周围
all of~ 所有的~
all one’s life 毕生;一辈子
add
add~to~ 把~加到~上
add to 增加;增添
add up 加起来
add up to 总计;共达~
ask
ask for sb 要求见某人
ask for sth 请求;要~
ask sb for sth 向某人要~
ask sb (not) to do sth 叫某人(别)做某事
ask for trouble 自找麻烦
ask after 问候
ask sb for help 向某人求助
ask for leave 请假
ask sb to~ 邀请某人去~
ask (sb) about~ ( 向某人)询问~
as
as if = as though 好像
as~as~ 像;如同
as to = as for 至于
as well 也;又
as well as~ 也;和
not as&92;so~as~ 不像;不如
ahead
(be) ahead of 在~前面;比~早;胜过;超过
ahead of time 提前
go ahead 前进;有进展;说下去
anxious
be anxious about sb&92;sth 为~而担心
be anxious for sth 渴望得到~
be anxious to do sth 渴望做某事
break
break into~ 闯入;破门而入
break in 插话;打断说话
break up 分解
break out 爆发;突然发生
break away (from sth) 脱离;打破
break down 出毛病;不运转;抛锚
break the record 打破记录
break off 打断;折断
break the rude 违反规定
break through 突破
break a promise 失信;食言
have a break 休息一下
breath
hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸
take breath 歇一歇;喘口气
take a (deep) breath (深)呼吸
catch one’s breath 歇口气;休息一下
(be) out of breath 上气不接下气
bring
bring down 使~倒下&92;降下
bring out 使显现;阐明;出版
bring up 带大;培养;呕吐
bring to = bring ~ around 使恢复知觉
bring back 归还;使回忆起来
bring in 引进
bring on 使~前进
back
put one’s back into ~ 埋头工作;卖劲干
when someone’s back is turned 趁某人没注意
back away 退出
back out 放弃;收回;停止
back and forth 来回;往返
at the back of~ 在~后部&92;背后
back down&92;off 放弃;让步;退却
burn
burn up 烧尽;耗尽
burn out 烧坏
burn down 烧毁
burn ~ to the ground 把~烧成平地
better
better off 景况较好
had better 最好还是
for the better 好转
come
come ture 实现
come to bits 摔碎;碎裂
come to a conclusion 得出结论
come into being 形成;出现
come off 脱落;掉下
come on 过来;加油;跟上
come back 回来;折回;想起来
come in&92;into 进来
come for sth 来取~
come up 上来
come across 偶然遇见
come through 经历;实现
come to 苏醒;达到;共计;复苏;等于
come around&92;round 来访;苏醒;复原
come over 过来
come about 发生
come apart (身体、精神上)崩溃
come from 来自(于);出生(于)
come to nothing 失败;无结果
to come 未来的;将到来的
come down 下来
come to light 出现;暴露
come out 出版;出来;开花
care
care for 在乎;喜欢
take care 小心
care about 在乎;关心
care to do sth 愿意做某事
take care of~ 照顾;保管
with care 仔细地;认真地
call
call at + 地点 访问某地
call on + 人 拜访某人
call up 打电话给~;招呼;想起;回忆起;应征
call for 要求;请求;为~而喊出
call in 请来;引入;召集;叫医生
call back 回电话
call off&92;away 转移开(注意力等)
call on&92;upon sb to do sth 号召某人做某事
give sb a call 打电话给某人
call off 取消;放弃
call out 大声叫喊
certain
be certain of&92;abou 对~有把握
be certain to do 有把握做某事
It’s certain that~ 一定会~
make certain 弄清楚
a certain ~ 某个~
chance
take one’s chance 利用机会
by chance 偶然
take a&92;the chance 碰运气
chance to do sth 碰巧做某事
charge
charge sb some money for sth 向某人要价多少钱
(be) free of charge 免费
in charge of 负责
in the charge of 被负责
take charge of 负责~
put sth in one’s charge 把~交给某人负责
put the charge on ~ 把~(费用)记在~的账上
day
by day 日间;白天里
day after day 日复一日地
day and night 日日夜夜
one day 有一天;某日
the day after tomorrow 后天
the day before yesterday 前天
the other day 前几天
another day 改天
day in&92;out 天天
die
die by 死于(溺水、上吊等)
die from 死于(外因: 灾难、伤害、事故等,也可接疾病名)
die of 死于(内因: 寒冷、饥饿、情绪等,也可接疾病名)
die out 消失;灭亡
die for 为~而死
die away 渐渐消逝;平息
difficulty
have difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难
have difficulty with sth 做某事有困难
without difficulty 毫不费力地
with difficulty 费劲地;困难地
do sth with&92;without difficulty 做某事有&92;无困难
in difficulties 处境困难
doubt
in doubt 怀疑
without doubt 毫无疑问
beyond doubt 毫无疑问
hang a doubt 悬而未决
no doubt 无疑问
dress
dress up 给~穿上最好的衣服;给~乔装打扮
get dressed 穿衣
be dressed in + 衣 穿~
be well dressed 穿着讲究
dress sb 给~穿衣
dress oneself 自己穿衣服
end
at the end of 在~的尽头
to the end of 到~的尽头
by the end of 在~结束时;到~末为止
end up (with sth) (以~结束;告终)
in the end 最后;终于
make both ends meet 收支平衡
put an end to sth 结束~
at an end 结束;完毕
come to an end 停止;结束
effort
make efforts&92;an effort to do sth 努力做~
spare no effort 不遗余力
in a common effort 共同努力
escape
make one’s escape 逃跑;摆脱;逃避
escape from sth 从~逃脱
escape doing sth 逃脱做~
have a narrow escape 九死一生
escape one’s lips 脱口而出
escape one’s memory 忘记
example
for example 举例说明;例如
set an example to sb = set sb an example 为~而树立榜样
follow one’s example 学习某人的榜样
one example of ~ 一个~的例子
take ~ for example 以~为例
ever
ever since 此后一直
ever so 非常
ever such a&92;an ~ 一个非常~的
for ever 永远
ever than 前所未有的
even
even though = even if 即使;纵然
be even (报复、算帐等)两清
get even 报复;算帐
eye
catch one’s eye 引人注目
cry one’s eyes out 痛哭流涕
in someone’s eyes 在某人眼里;在某人心目中
keep an eye on 照看;密切关注
see eye to eye 与~看法吻合
set eyes on 看到;见到
turn a blind eye to 装做没看见
effect
have an effect on 对~有影响
in effect 实际
put into effect 实行;生效
free
be free to do sth 自由自在做某事
be free of charge 免费
free and easy 自由散漫
set (sb) free 释放
be free from&92;of ~ 免受~;无~
be free to ~ 对~免费提供
free from 没有;离开
free with 大方的;不吝啬的
for free 免费
in one’s free time 在某人的空闲时间
Free on board (FOB) 离岸价
fact
give in 屈服;让步;投降
give lessons to 给~上课
give off 发出(蒸汽、光等)
give out 分发;用完;耗尽;筋疲力尽;发出(气味、日等)
give up (doing) 放弃
good
be good at 擅长于
be good for sb 对某人有好处
be good to sb 对某人好
a good many 很多
do good 做好事
for good 永久地
hand
hand in 缴交
hand out 分发
hand sth to sb 把某物传递给某人
hand over 移交
hand down 把~传下来
hand in hand 手牵手;并进;联合
hand to hand 短兵相接
shake one’s hand = shake hands with sb 与某人握手
give sb a big hand 帮助某人
by hand 手工;用手
from hand to hand 从一人手中传到某人手中
in hand 手头上有
in one’s hand 在某人手里
on the one hand ,on the other hand 一方面~,另一方面~
at hand = on hand 在手边;临近;在附近;即将到来
change hands 易手;转手
get out of hand 难以控制;撒野
hand on 传下来;依次传递
hand up 举手
give&92;have one’s hands full 很忙;手头工作满满的
in good hands 照看得好
lay hands on 得到;找到
off one’s hand 不再负责;脱手
wait on someone hand and foot 尽心伺候
head
hang one’s head (由于羞愧)垂下头
go to one’s head = turn one’s head 冲昏头脑;使人过于兴奋
keep one’s head 保持镇定
lose one’s head 感情冲动;失去理智;不知所措
put heads together 商量;交换看法
use one’s head 动脑筋
(be) head for 向~走去
head on 迎头
heart
learn&92;know ~ by heart 记住~
at heart 在内心;实质上
lose heart (to sb) (对~)失去信心;欢笑
lose one’s heart to sb 爱上~
heart and soul 全心全意
break one’s heart 使某人伤心
cry one’s heart out 痛哭
have a change of heart 改变看法
have one’s heart in one’s mouth 非常惊讶;害怕
have one’s heart set on 热衷与
take heart to do sth 鼓起勇气做某事
with s heavy heart 心情沉重
help
help out 帮助克服困难;帮助从~里面出来
help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事
help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
help oneself to 随便吃、喝等:自取
invite
invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事
invite sb to + 地 邀请某人去~
interest(ed)
be interested in ~ 对~有兴趣
a place of interest 名胜
take an interest in ~ 关心;对~有兴趣
have an interest in ~ 在~上有兴趣
in
be in for sth 即将经受(由指不愉快的事)
in and out 进进出出
have it in for 挟嫌;报复;整人
if
if only 但愿;要是~就好了;只要
join
join up 连接起来
join in 参加
join sb in (doing) sth 和某人一起
join the army 参军
join ~ to ~ 把~连接到~上
job
odd jobs 零活;杂务
be out of a job 失业
make a good job of sth 把某事做好
a good job 幸运事
joke
play a joke on sb 开某人的玩笑
joke with sb about sth 就~与某人开玩笑
have a joke with sb about sth 就~与某人开玩笑
in joke 闹着玩的
tell a joke 讲个笑话
It’s a joke 说着玩的
no joke 不是闹着玩的
make jokes&92;a joke about sb&92;sth 开某人&92;某事的玩笑
a pratical joke 恶作剧
just
the just man 正直的人
keep
keep on doing sth 继续做某事;反复做某事
keep doing sth 连续不断地做某事
keep back 阻止;流下
keep fit 保持健康
keep off 让开;不接近
keep ~ in mind 记住;想着
keep ~ out (of) ~ 不让~进入;使~在外
keep up with 跟上
keep up 保持;续
keep one’s promise 履行诺言
kep in touch with sb 与某人保持联系
keep ~ away from 使~远离
keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事
keep at 坚持做
keep down 控制;压制;放低(声音)
for keeps 永远
keep sb at sth 使某人继续做某事
keep sb in 留下;把(学生)关学
keep sth to oneself 保密
keep up with 跟上
knock
knock at&92;on 敲(门、窗)
knock down 撞倒
knock into sb 撞到某人身上
knock out of 从~中敲出来
knock sb about 接连打击;粗暴对待
knock off 下班;收工
knock sb out 把某人打昏过去
know
know sb to be 知道某人是~
know of 知道(间接)
be known for 因~而出名
be known of 为~而熟知
make oneself known (to sb) 自我介绍
look
look at 看;观看
look after 照料;照顾
look around&92;round 四处看看
look back 回头看;回忆
look down on&92;upon 看不起;轻视
look for 寻找
look forward to (doing) 盼望(做)
look on sb as~ 把某人当作~看待
look out (for sth) 当心;小心
look over 审阅;检查
look through 翻阅;浏览
look up 查询;向上看
look sb up and down 上下打量某人
take&92;have a look (at) 看一看
long
long ago 很久以前
long before 很久
before long 不久
no longer = not ~ any longer 不再
as long as 如果;只要
long after 在~后很久
long for 极想得到
long to 极想做
make
be made of 由~制成(成品可见原材料)
be made in 在~制造的
be made from 由~制成(成品不可见原材料)
be made into 被制成~
make use of 利用
make fun of 取笑
make up one’s mind (to do sth) 下决心(做某事)
make a plan for 为~做计划
make out 弄清楚
make it 成功
make sure = make certain 弄确实
make one’s way to (艰难)行进
make do with 凑合着用
make for 走向;向~前进
make off 逃走;匆忙离去
make up 编造;虚构;调停;和解;打扮;化装
measure
take measures to do sth 采取措施做某事
make ~ to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做~
measure sth against sb 用~去比身材
measure sb for sth 量体裁衣
next
next door (to) 在隔壁
next year 明年
the next year 第二年
next to nothing 极少;几乎没有
next to 在~的旁边
name
call someone names 谩骂;骂人
make a name for oneself 成名
order
in (good) order 按(正确的)顺序
(be) out of order 出了毛病;发生事故
keep order 维持秩序
in order to&92;that 为了;以便
on order 已经定购的
place an order for sth with sb 向某人定购某物
order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事
own
get one’s own back on 报仇;报复
of one’s own 属于某人自己的
on one’s own 独自地
own up to 承认错误;坦白
pay
pay a visist to 访问~
pay back 偿还(借款等)
pay for sth 付钱;支付;付出代价
pay off 还清(债务)
pay the bill 付帐
pay down 预先支付
put
put away 放好;把~收起来
put up 挂起;举起;;投宿;安排在~住下
put on 穿;戴上;上演
put off 拖延;推迟;延期
put into 输入;使进入
put down 记下;平息;把~记下来
put sth down 把某物放下来
put down your hands 把手放下
put out 扑灭;关熄
put across 沟通
put side 放在一边;留下
put sth right 修理;改正
put up with 容忍;忍受
quarrel
quarrel with sb about sth 与某人为某事而争吵
have a quarrel with sb over sth 与某人为某事而争吵
question
put a question&92;questions to sb 向某人提问
(be) in question 谈论中的
(be) out of question 不可能的;办不到的
remember
remember to do sth 记住要去做某事
remember doing sth 记住曾经做过某事
remember A to B 替A向B问好
remember sth as ~ 把某物作为~来铭记
run
run dry 干涸
run across = run into 偶然遇见
run after 追捕;跟踪
run away with sb&92;sth 带人私奔&92;携物潜逃
run sb down 把某人撞倒
run over (车辆等)辗转
in the long run 最后;结果;终究
run out (of) 用完;耗尽
run wild 胡闹;撒野
run off 赶走
run for 竞选
run in 拜访
run at 突然袭击
run into 跑进;撞倒
set
set up 建立;创立;竖立
set sail 启航
set out for ~ 出发到~
set off for ~ 出发到~
a set of 一套
be set in~ 以~为背景
set the table 摆餐具
set about doing sth 动手做某事
set a bone 接骨
serve
serve (sb) as sth 充当~
serve sb with sth 端上饭菜
be at one’s service 随时帮助某人
service first 服务第一
Servive the People 服务人民
serve the army 在军队服役
take
take care 小心
take care of ~ 照顾~
take up 占据
take in 吸收
take sth out of ~ 把某物从~中取出
take off 脱掉;起飞
take it easy 小心
take along 随身携带
take one’s time 慢慢来
take away 拿走
take trouble to do sth 不辞辛劳做某事
take down&92;out 记下;取下;取出
take food&92;medicine 吃食物&92;药
take sides (in) 站在~一边
take sb back to 使某人回忆起
take sth as one’s own 把~占为己有
take afte (相貌)像
take sth apart 拆卸
take sth for 错认为;以为
take sth on 接受;答应
take sth over 接手:接管
take to sth 开始;染上;委身于
take to someone 开始爱上某人
take a road&92;path 走路
time
from time to time 间或;时常
time and time again 多次;不断地
at a time 一次;每次
at one time 以前;曾经
for the time being 暂时
in time 及时
on time 准时
in no time 立即
in good time 及时
tell the time 会看钟表
kill time 消磨时间
at the same time 同时
have a good time 完得很高兴;过得愉快
at times 有时
in modern times 现代;近代
in course of time 最后
serve the time 随波逐流
keep time (钟表)走得准
use(d)
go out of use 废弃;不再被使用
have the use of 有权使用
(be) of no use 没用;无效
use up 用完;耗尽
It is no use doing sth 做某事没有用
be used to do sth 被用来做某事
be used for sth 被用于~
be&92;get used to doing sth 习惯做某事
used to do sth 过去总是做某事
be used as ~ 被当作~来使用
up
do up 扣(纽扣);收拾;打扮
up and down 上上下下
view
come into view 望得见;进入视野
in view 在看得见的地方
on view 展览着; 上映中
in view of 鉴于;考虑到;由于
in one’s view 就某人的看法
voice
at the top of one’s voice 高声地(喊叫);使劲地(喊叫)
in a low voice 低声地
word
get in a word 插话
have a word with sb 和某人说句话
have words with sb 与某人发生口角
in a word 总而言之
in another word = in other words 换句话说
keep one’s word = be as good as one’s word =be ture to one’s word 信守诺言
FORGET后加TO&47;XX ING的是动词不定式ENJOY+SOMETHING+ING 是固定形式吧
都要考平时积累!
what&47;how about +doing
why not +ing
why don’you do sth
would you like to do sth
would you mind doing sth 你介不介意做某事
make + do 使得
make sb + do sth 逼迫sb做sth
remember doing sth 记得做过的事
stop doing sth 停止做某事
remember to do sth 记得去做某事
stop to do sth 停下来去做某事
介词后一般+ing
to后一般+原型
decided + to do sth
be busy + doing sth
have trouble + doing sth
had better+ do sth
learn + to do
turn + to do sth 轮到sb去做sth
Talk about how often you do things 谈论做事情的频率
try to do sth. 试着去做某事
hope + doing sth
offer + doing sth
finish + doing sth
ask sb sth 询问某人某事
ask sb to do 叫某人做某事
be able to do sth 能够干什么
be afraid to do (of sth ) 不敢,胆怯去做某事,主观
be afraid of doing 担心出现doing的状况、结果,客观
be allowed to do 被允许做什么
be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气
be ashamed to do
be glad + to do
be going to + do 将来时
be good at(+doing)在某方面善长, 善于……
be happy to do 很高兴做某事
be sorry to do
be strict in doing sth 严于做某事
be supposed to do 被要求干什么
be sure to do sth 一定会做某事
be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事
be worth doing 值得做什么
begin to do = start to do 开始做某事
bother sb to do sth
end up +doing
find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样
fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人
go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事
good way to 好方法
have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来
have sth to do 有什么事要做
have to do sth 必须做某事
hope to do sth 希望做某事
be similar to sth 相似
find sb doing sth
consider doing sth 考虑做某事
continue doing sth 坚持做某事
imagine doing sth 想象做某事
think about doing sth 考虑做某事
practise doing sth 练习做某事
spend doing sth
suggest doing sth
can’help doing sth 情不自禁
have a hard time doing sth
have a great time doing sth
have fun doing sth
have problems doing sth
forget to do 忘记要去做某事 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事 (已做)
regret to do 对要做的事遗憾 (未做)
regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。 (已做)
cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事
cease doing 短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做
try to do 努力,企图做某事
try doing 试验,试着做某事
go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事
go on doing 继续做原来做的事
interested to do 对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事
interested in doing 对某种想法感兴趣,doing 通常为想法
mean to do 打算、想
mean doing 意味着
begin &47; start to do sth begin, start用进行时时,后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,物作主语时
begin &47; start doing sth.谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时
feel like doing sth 想要做某事
now that 既然
since then 从那时起
unless 除非
even though&47;if 即使
so far 到目前为止
from now on 从现在起
neither nor 既不 也不
if so 假如这样
too to 太 而不能
so that 如此 以至于
as soon as 一 就
as soon as possible 尽快地
break off 终止
give up 放弃
at present 目前
in the way 挡道的
in this way就这样
by the way 顺便
on this way to 在 的路上
knock at 敲
knock into 相撞
plenty of 大量的
come up with 提出
come out 出版,发表
belong to 属于
make up 形成,组成
use up 用完
turn off 关掉
quite a few 相当多,不少
give out 分发
give away 捐赠
put off 推迟
set up 建立
think up 想出
fix up 修理
mix up 混合
put up 张贴
put on 穿上
ask for 要求
break down 损坏
make it 成功的
我家里的笔记本就有
不过现在帮不了你
因为我不在家
remember + doing (已做过) &47; to do (本来做)
forget + doing (已做过)&47; to do (未做过)
stop + doing (停止做某事)&47; to do (停下来去做另一件事)
try + doing (试着做某事)&47; to do (尽力做某事)
spend … on … (花钱)
spend … doing … (花时间)
八年级上英语语法点滴
1) leave的用法
1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:
When did you leave Shanghai?
你什么时候离开上海的?
2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:
Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.
下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:
Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?
你为什么要离开上海去北京?
2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用
should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:
How should I know? 我怎么知道?
Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?
should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:
We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。
我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如:
You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:
You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。
She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
3) What...? 与 Which...?
1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如:
What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?
该句相当于:
What does your father do?
What is your father&39;s job?
Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?
---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如:
What color do you like best? (所有颜色)
你最喜爱什么颜色?
Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)
你最喜爱哪一种颜色?
3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:
Which pictures are from China?
哪些图片来自中国?
4) 频度副词的位置
1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:
always(总是,一直)
usually(通常)
often(常常,经常)
sometimes(有时候)
never(从不)
2.频度副词的位置:
a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:
David is often arrives late for school.
大卫上学经常迟到。
b.放在行为动词前。如:
We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天经常在7:10去上学。
c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:
Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike.
有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:
Never have I been there.
5) every day 与 everyday
1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天7:10去上学。
I decide to read English every day.
我决定每天读英语。
2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。
She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.
她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。
What&39;s your everyday activity?
你的日常活动是什么?
6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。
助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:
He doesn&39;t like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn&39;t是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don&39;t like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
7) forget doing&47;to do与remember doing&47;to do
1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don&39;t forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off
C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)
remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school.
记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don&39;t you remember seeing the man before?
你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
8) It&39;s for sb.和 It&39;s of sb.
1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:
It&39;s very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It&39;s very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)
9) 对两个句子的提问
新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:
句子:The boy in blue has three pens.
提问:1.Who has three pens?
2.Which boy has three pens?
3.What does the boy in blue have?
4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?
很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:
句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.
提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?
6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
10) so、such与不定冠词的使用
1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a&47;an+名词”。如:
He is so funny a boy.
Jim has so big a house.
2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a&47;an+形容词+名词”。如:
It is such a nice day.
That was such an interesting story.
11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况
1.在进行时态中。如:
He is watching TV in the room.
They were dancing at nine o&39;clock last night.
2.在there be结构中。如:
There is a boy swimming in the river.
3.在have fun&47;problems结构中。如:
We have fun learning English this term.
They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
4.在介词后面。如:
Thanks for helping me.
Are you good at playing basketball.
5.在以下结构中:
enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事
finish doing sth 完成做某事
feel like doing sth 想要做某事
stop doing sth 停止做某事
forget doing sth 忘记做过某事
go on doing sth 继续做某事
remember doing sth 记得做过某事
like doing sth 喜欢做某事
keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事
find sb doing sth 发现某人做某事
see&47;hear&47;watch sb doing sth 看到&47;听到&47;观看某人做某事
try doing sth 试图做某事
need doing sth 需要做某事
prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事
mind doing sth 介意做某事
practice doing sth 练习做某事
be busy doing sth 忙于做某事
can&39;t help doing sth 禁不住做某事
miss doing sth 错过做某事
12) 英语中的“单数”
1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:
he, she, it
my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary&39;s uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:
man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)
3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:
go---goes---going---went---gone
work---works---working---worked---worked
watch---watches---watching---watched---watched
当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:
The boy wants to be a sales assistant.
Our English teacher is from the US.
Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
12) 英语中的“单数”
1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:
he, she, it
my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary&39;s uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:
man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)
3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:
go---goes---going---went---gone
work---works---working---worked---worked
watch---watches---watching---watched---watched
当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:
The boy wants to be a sales assistant.
Our English teacher is from the US.
Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式
名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。
I 名词复数的规则变化
1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如:
pear---pears hamburger---hamburgers
desk---desks tree---trees
2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如:
class---classes dish---dishes
watch---watches box---boxes
3.以字母-o结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如:
potato---potatoes tomato---tomatoes
Negro---Negroes hero---heroes
4.以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,将-y变为-i,再加-es。如:
family---families dictionary---dictionaries
city---cities country---countries
5.以字母-f或-fe结尾的名词,将-f或-fe变为-v,再加-es。如:
half---halves leaf---leaves
thief---thieves knife---knives
self---selves wife---wives
life---lives wolf---wolves
shelf---shelves loaf---loaves
但是:
scarf---scarves(fes) roof---roofs
serf---serfs gulf---gulfs
chief---chiefs proof---proofs
belief---beliefs
II 名词复数的不规则变化
1.将-oo改为--ee。如:
foot---feet tooth---teeth
2.将-man改为-men。如:
man---men woman---women
policeman---policemen postman---postmen
3.添加词尾。如:
child---children
4.单复数同形。如:
sheep---sheep deer---deer
fish---fish people---people
5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s加后面”。如:
Chinese---Chinese Japanese---Japanese
Swiss---Swiss
Englishman---Englishmen Frenchman---Frenchmen
American---Americans Australian---Australians
Canadian---Canadians Korean---Koreans
Russian---Russians Indian---Indians
6.其它。如:
mouse---mice
apple tree---apple trees
man teacher---men teachers
14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing分词
初中阶段常见的有以下这些:
1.let→letting 让
hit→hitting 打、撞
cut→cutting 切、割
get→getting 取、得到
sit→sitting 坐
forget→forgetting 忘记
put→putting 放
set→setting 设置
babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿
2.shop→shopping 购物
trip→tripping 绊
stop→stopping 停止
drop→dropping 放弃
3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游
swim→swimming 游泳
run→running 跑步
dig→digging 挖、掘
begin→beginning 开始
prefer→preferring 宁愿
plan→planning 计划
15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词
1.some变为any。如:
There are some birds in the tree.
→There aren&39;t any birds in the tree.
但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:
Would you like some orange juice?
与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。
2.and变为or。如:
I have a knife and a ruler.
→I don&39;t have a knife or a ruler.
3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:
They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)
→They don&39;t have many friends.
There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)
→There isn&39;t much orange in the bottle.
4.already变为yet。如:
I have been there already.
→I haven&39;t been there yet.
16) in与after
in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。
1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:
He will leave for Beijing in a week.
一周后他会动身去北京。
2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:
He left for Beijing after a week.
一周后他动身去了北京。
不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:
We will finish the work after ten o&39;clock.
十点后我们会完成工作的。
3.注意区分以下的in的用法。
I&39;ll visit him in a week.
一周后我会去拜访他。
I&39;ll visit him twice in a week.
一周内我会去拜访他两次。
17) 不定冠词a与an的使用
1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:
There is a "b" in the word "book".
单词book中有个字母b。
类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。
She has a small knife.
她有一把小刀。
2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:
There is an "i" in the word "onion".
单词onion中有个字母i。
类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。
Do you have an umbrella?
你有一把雨伞吗?
3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:
a useful book
a universe
a one-letter word
an hour
an uncle
an umbrella
an honest person
18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?
英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:
1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:
He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。
You&39;d better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。
2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:
The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。
3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:
Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。
dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:
The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。
4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:
John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。
The man in black is a football coach.
19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)
a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?
1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:
There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。
还可以接形容词。如:
He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。
2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:
There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。
3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:
It&39;s a bit cold. 有点冷。
a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:
He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。
4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:
There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。
There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。
I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。
Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。
5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;
a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。
20) 关于like的用法
like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。
1、like 作动词,表示一般性的“爱好、喜欢”,有泛指的含义。如:
Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?
like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:
She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)
She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)
like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:
Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?
“喜欢某人做某事”可以用结构“like sb to do sth&47;doing sth”。如:
They all like me to sing&47;singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。
2、like 作介词,可译成“像......”。如:
She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。
It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。
3、区分以下句子:
A. What does he look like?
B. What is he like?
A句译为“他长相如何?”指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为“他人怎么样?”指人的性格特点。
C. The boy like Peter is over there.
D. A boy like Peter can&39;t do it.
A句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。
21) stop to do sth 与 stop doing sth
1. stop to do sth 意为“停下来去做某事”。如:
The students stop to listen to their teacher.
学生们停下来去听他们老师讲话。
2. stop doing sth 意为“停止做某事”。如:
The students stopped talking. 学生们停止了谈话。
与它们相反的句式是:go on to do sth “继续做某事(与刚才一事不同)”和 go on doing sth “继续做某事(与刚才同一件事)”。如:
He finishes his homework and goes on to study English.
他完成了作业,接着继续去念英语。
They went on playing games. 他们继续玩游戏。
我只写最常考的
加doing sth的
enjoy,would you mind one&39;s,keep,be busy,
avoid,
加doing、to do意思一样
like,love,start,begin
加to do
want,would like,表动词不定式
加to do,doing意思不一样
forget,remember
加sb do sth
feel,listen,hear,make,let,have,observe,see,
help,notice,find
加do
情态动词
我是一个高考的过来人,高考成绩129分,平时大考碰狗屎运也考过130+的分数。首先我想请阁下明白一个道理冰冻三尺非一日之寒,所以坚持很重要,英语是一门很看重积累的科目。
虽然我高考已经好多年了,而且今年即将大学毕业,踏入社会。但英语一直没有丢,英语一直是我的排头兵!我对英语的自信还有,我觉得学好英语不难,重要的是你要有恒心,急躁冒进,三天打渔两天晒网都是不行的。在这里我就毛遂自荐一下我的学习方法吧:
首先先你要端正心态,不要急躁,,你做你自己的事,这样才能静下心来学习。要成为英语高手就必须比别人走更多的路,做更多的事。你应该明白一个事实,英语是单词和语法的综合,所以单词和语法都要拿下。
其次,对于单词,有如下几种方法,第一个,是加强记忆的频度,也就是说,早上记了几个,隔几个小时又看一次,总之一天之内,记忆的间隔不要太长,否则你辛苦积累的记忆会随着时间的延长而淡化,第二个,是可以根据自己的理解编顺口溜,比如good morning 是狗摸你…(见笑了)…,第三个,最重要的是,记单词的时候,不要忘了阅读,一边记单词,一边看文章,这样可以把孤立的单词串联起来,记忆的效果会加倍,第四个。我建议你记单词要分门别类记忆,要形成一个意群,比如,重要性用magnitude magnificence ,表示非常,大大地有exceedingly,tremendously,extremely……这样做在你写作时,是十分有好处的,写作时不要尽写一些低级词汇,你要写高级词汇,比如重要性写magnitude,许多写a multitude of 或者handsome。
再次,是语法。学习语法,首先要明白什么是主谓宾定状补,什么是系动词,什么是直接宾语,间接宾语,这些是学习语法的基础,语法是房子,主谓宾定状补等是沙石砖瓦。然后就要多做一些语法专项练习,并在此过程中不断总结,并时时回顾那些了解,那些依然不理解,需要注意的是,那些不理解的一定要花时间弄清楚,否则对自己的不负责将会导致英语语法一知半解的结局!这对于想成为英语高手的人来说,是十分不利的!(注:本人从开始时不知主谓宾,到熟练掌握语法,把语法书看了不下二十遍,书都翻烂了!莫笑本人愚笨……)
此外,对于完形填空以及阅读理解,那就只能靠平时的练习了,在这个过程中,你要时时总结,纵深对比,千万不要陷入题海战术只做题,不总结的误区当中。在做题的过程中,你把各种体型都总结了一遍,积累了丰富的经验,而且你还提升了自己的阅读速度,一举两得,所以做题是很重要的!其实,完形填空无非就是单项选择加语境分析,也就是说,做完形填空你的语法要好,而且你要积累比较多的固定搭配,短语,特殊用法等,完形填空的语法还是很重要的!对于阅读,我个人感觉是,纯粹是个人经验积累多少的问题,只有保证一定的练习量,你才能用质的提高!
最后,我建议你,平时读报,或者做题的时候,发现有好的句子好的词汇,你要抄下来,长期下来,你的作文会有提高的,需要说明的是,这个提高过程可能很缓慢,但是最后能收到很好的效果,以前25分的作文我都能保证在21-23这个级别,靠的就是对语法的熟练掌握和积累了许多较高级的词汇,句型,句子。我个人的理解是,在你的语法达到基本不会出错的程度上,作文便应该以词汇取胜,因为在这个层次上,大家的语法都差不多,没什么变化,唯一有变化的就是你的词汇!给你打个比方吧,很多想到“许多”就用many,但是你别忘了many a ;handsome;massive,innumerable;很多人想到“专家”就写expert,但很少人会想到specialist,很多人在想到“擅长”这词,就写be good at ,却不知还有更高级的表达法:be expert at 或者excel in ……高手和庸才,就体现在这些细微的差别上 !!
初中正是英语扎实功底的时候。记单词是最最基础的学习,只有单词都烂熟于心,才能做到信手拈来。完形填空是考察英语单词理解和语法的最直接的形式。
完型填空里面的题型大部分都是根据国外正常生活的方式来出的,有时候或许会比较跳跃,因为生活习惯的差异,所以要多按照欧美国家的思维来想问题。
1.grew
2.anybody
3.hated
4.ground
5.strongly
6.will die
7.was shining
8.bad
9.continued
10.fight
1.B
句子的意思是:劳驾,您挡了我的路
on the way: 在途中,接近
in the way: 造成不便或阻碍
out the way: 没有该短语,out of the way:偏僻,太远了
off the way:远离正道
2.D
句子的意思:三天前,他出发到纽约去了
leave to: 留某事给…处理
leave off: 停止(做)某事, 戒掉
leave for: 出发去(某地)
B. on the way 在途中;在路上; in the way 阻碍;挡道;out the way貌似没这种说法,一般都是out of the way 意思是:打扰一下,你挡着我的路了。所以选B
D.leave for 离开...去...固定搭配。题目是过去式,所以选 left for
1.A
2.D
都可以
都可以!!
都可以的。
按语法来讲当然是用&39;s的格式。
但是如果口语的话,前一种就足够了。
都可以额

初二英语相关知识

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My name is Wang Ming.My birthday is June 5th. I am Chinese. I am a student.I study very hard.My favorite subject is English. I like it because it is interesting. I can play the piano and the trumpet,
【导语】学习是每个一个学生的职责,而学习的动力是靠自己的梦想,也可以这样说没有自己的梦想就是对自己的一种不责任的表现,也就和人失走肉没啥两样,只是改变命运,同时知识也不是也不是随意的摘取。要通过自己的努力,要把我自己生命的钥匙。以下是likeabc为您整理的《第一学期初一英语单词》,供大家学习参考。【 Unit 1】 my pron.. 我的name n. 名字is v. 是name's=name
【引语】英文是世界最时兴的语言,也是全部语言中应用最普遍的语言,学会英语有益于大家对外开放沟通交流。热烈欢迎阅读文章likeabc为大伙儿用心梳理的“初一英语优秀作文【三篇】”!大量有关信息请关心likeabc! 【篇一】Yesterday was my birthday. My mother made a big meal for me. There were lots of foods, bu
【引语】大家都了解,音乐老师做为在英语学习上边的有经验人,并且還是言传身教的存有,怎么可能在学习上边坑学生呢?她们一直在教育我们要重视记忆英语单词。你是不是把音乐老师说的话真的?是否当做耳旁风忽视过去?英文单词是英语学习的基本,也是大伙儿更为倚仗的物品,没有英语单词,大家在英语的许多 层面全是举步维艰。英文单词将陪着你的整个英语学习职业生涯,由此可见英文单词在你英语学习中的必要性吧?以下几点是li
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